By A.D. Schlüter
Polymers locate their purposes in ever extra components of recent expertise. the discovery of recent man made equipment permits the polymer chemist to layout new polymer fabrics with particular mechanical, optical or digital homes . This concise guide covers all glossy artificial equipment in polymer technological know-how. it's going to permit the polymer chemist or fabrics scientist to discover information about the categorical synthesis he desires to use in designing polymers with new complex homes.
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This ebook is a follow-up to Ivins Olefin Metathesis, (Academic Press, 1983). Bringing the traditional textual content within the box modern, this moment variation is as a result of the speedy progress within the box, sparked by means of the invention of diverse well-defined steel carbene complexes which can act as very effective initiators of every kind of olefin metathesis response, together with ring-closing metathesis of acyclic dienes, enynes, and dienynes; ring-opening metathesis polymerizationof cycloalkenes, acyclic diene metathesis polymerization; and polymerization of alkynes, in addition to uncomplicated olefin metathesis.
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1-5). Nanotube packing is thus dictated by the C, symmetry of the macrocycle. This example nicely illustrates the use of information-rich molecular precursors for the rational design of solids. This information can ultimately be traced to the oligomeric sequence that was used to construct the macrocycle. Sequence-specific phenylene ethynylene oligomers have proven to be extremely valuable in the preparation of macrocycles such as 45 (Scheme 1-14). , 1992, 1994). , 1992; Bedard and Moore, 1995).
However, these oligomers typically have the added benefit of enhanced metabolic stability, which makes them viable candidates for medicinal applications. For example, peptide nucleic acids (PNAs, 32 1 Nonbiological Sequence-Specific Oligomers by Repetitive Syntheses Fig. 1-4) are DNA mimetics derived from a pseudopeptide backbone composed of N-(2-aminoethyl)glycine units, with nucleobases attached to the glycine nitrogen via carbonyl methylene linkers. , 1994; Nielsen and Haaima, 1997; Dueholm and Nielsen, 1997).
1 SiH Addition to Carbon Double Bonds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 ArH Addition to Carbon Double Bonds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Cycloaddition Reactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Introduction Metal-catalyzed polymerizations (chain growth reactions) are key technologies of polymer synthesis nowadays. , 1995; Soga and Terano, 1994).