Die Information by James Gleick

By James Gleick

Blut, Treibstoff, Lebensprinzip - in seinem furiosen Buch erzählt Bestsellerautor James Gleick, wie die info zum Kernstück unserer heutigen Zivilisation wurde. Beginnend bei den Wörtern, den "sprechenden" Trommeln in Afrika, über das Morsealphabet und bis hin zur Internetrevolution beleuchtet er, wie die Übermittlung von Informationen die Gesellschaften prägten und veränderten. Gleick erläutert die Theorien, die sich mit dem Codieren und Decodieren, der Übermittlung von Inhalten und dem Verbreiten der Myriaden von Botschaften beschäftigen. Er stellt die bekannten und unbekannten Pioniere der Informationsgesellschaft vor: Claude Shannon, Norbert Wiener, Ada Byron, Alan Turing und andere. Er bietet dem Leser neue Einblicke in die Mechanismen des Informationsaustausches. So lernt dieser etwa die sich selbst replizierende Meme kennen, die "DNA" der Informationen. Sein Buch ermöglicht ein neues Verständnis von Musik, Quantenmechanik - und eine gänzlich neue Sicht auf die faszinierende Welt der Informationen.

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This type of rationalising can also contribute to the problem of demand characteristics in research, which we’ll look at later. Finding and knowing 34 However, cognitive dissonance theory, which, like Dervin and Belkin, would emphasise the emotional and action-driven reasons behind our information needs, does have its problems. Psychologists have found lots of situations where people seem quite happy to believe contradictory things at the same time (such as ‘I shouldn’t lie to my children or confuse them, and I don’t want to teach them any superstitions or religions— but I’ll tell them there’s a Santa Claus’).

Meanwhile, with so little limit on space or colour, more helpful graphics could be included in long online texts than in printed books. Yet often we miss that opportunity too. ). You can talk, eat and drink while using it. It’s right there in your home (a liberation for many housebound people), and never in history have information and ideas of all kinds, for all interests, been so widely available. It’s all there—but are we ready for it? * One small thing still helps people with all these disadvantages.

Alternatively, the company may be the actual provider of the site, who uses it as a shop front for selling products. They may also choose to ‘add value’ by providing free information of some kind, in the hope that the visitor to the site will also buy their products while they’re there. Sometimes that product itself is the website, and you must pay to access it, as with some specialist financial information providers. Second, websites maintained by public-service institutions, government agencies and departments, and major charities.

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