Desalination Engineering - Planning and Design by Nikolay Voutchkov

By Nikolay Voutchkov

Released with the Water setting Federation and WateReuse organization, it is a accomplished, one-volume engineering reference on desalination.

"Desalination Engineering making plans layout and Operation" covers all features of desalination undertaking implementation--including making plans and value estimating, layout, and gear choice. After an outline of all key modern desalination applied sciences, the ebook specializes in opposite osmosis membrane desalination, which at the moment is the main generally utilized know-how for creation of clean ingesting water from hugely saline water sources.

Offers theoretical rules of desalination and their useful applicationPresents a step by step procedure for choice, layout, and value estimating of key desalination plant remedy componentsContains examples in every one bankruptcy illustrating a variety of applied sciences and their implementationsExplains the right way to troubleshoot average desalination plant operational demanding situations and function desalination crops extra successfully

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45-µm pore openings. Therefore, the SDI measurement is mainly indicative of the content of large-size particulates and colloids in the source water. The mechanisms of fouling for permeable MF and UF membranes and semipermeable RO membranes may differ significantly, depending on the types of foulant contained in the source water. Fouling of MF and UF membranes usually occurs due to a combination of micropore plugging and cake formation on the membrane surface. In contrast, RO membranes are typically fouled by the formation of cake of deposits on the membrane surface (without pore plugging).

2 SDI pads from tests of pretreated seawater of various quality. It should be pointed out that although widely used in operation practice today, the SDI15 test has only a limited ability to measure the RO membrane fouling potential of saline water. 45-µm pore openings. Therefore, the SDI measurement is mainly indicative of the content of large-size particulates and colloids in the source water. The mechanisms of fouling for permeable MF and UF membranes and semipermeable RO membranes may differ significantly, depending on the types of foulant contained in the source water.

Indd 5 11/19/12 9:20 AM 6 Chapter One Entrainment separators (mist eliminators or demister pads) remove the high-salinity mist from the low-salinity rising steam. This steam condenses into pure water (distillate) on the heat exchanger tubes and is collected in distillate trays, from where it is conveyed to a product water tank. Distillate flows from stage to stage and is collected at the last stage. The concentrate (brine) is generated in each stage and after collection at the last stage some of it typically is recycled to the source water stream in order to reduce the total volume of source water that must be collected by the intake for desalination.

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