By Luka Zevnik
This e-book offers an interdisciplinary exploration of the origins of happiness within the sleek Western tradition and makes the argument that happiness isn't common yet is as an alternative a culturally and traditionally particular event, attribute simply to the Western global. It starts with an outline of the most study ways to happiness after which stories the real yet elusive subject matter within the context of tradition and family members of strength. the second one a part of the e-book analyses the social, spiritual, moral and political methods that bring about the emergence of the event of happiness, together with client tradition in modern societies. It offers an research of the medieval Christian adventure which concludes that the trendy adventure of happiness simply emerged within the seventeenth and 18th century, whilst the proper of human life more and more began to be pursued within the current lifestyles. In its end, this ebook explores the idea that of modernization because the collective pursuit of happiness.
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In the following chapter, we shall also examine Foucault’s original criticism of modern science. Insofar as we will be dealing with the critique of modern science mostly in the context of anthropology and Foucauldian theory, we shall not focus on other notable examples of this approach such as Lyotard’s (1984) famous critique of grand/meta narrative of modern science. 132). 236). 6). In this sense, Rorty replaces epistemology and the quest for improving it for an approach based on the notions of anti-representationalism and anti-foundationalism: Anti-representationalism is understood to mean that the relationship between language and the rest of the material universe is one of causality, not of adequacy, of representation or of expression.
2 has indicated that the existent approaches within the field of empirical happiness research mostly fail in providing adequate critical accounts of happiness in relation to culture. The philosophy of well-being and quantitative survey-based cross-cultural happiness/well-being research articulate or assume universal notions and definitions of well-being that are problematic on account of their ethnocentrism. In addition, the quantitative cross-cultural well-being research has proven to be limited and incomplete.
6), we have to be extremely careful when comparing different cultures in terms of well-being: ‘it is indeed possible to make a comparison of different societies as to well-being, as long as this is done in a careful, culturally sensitive way. 6). 248). Even though the cultural perspective in happiness studies does not proclaim to be following cultural relativism,6 nor does it explicitly criticize survey methods on account of their ethnocentrism, it could be argued that it adheres to all the major methodological tenets of cultural relativism as understood by anthropologists of well-being: A cultural psychological approach does not automatically assume that all behavior can be explained by the same set of constructs and measures, and enquires first whether a given construct is meaningful and how it is used in a given cultural context.