Controlling the Quantum World: The Science of Atoms, by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Committee on AMO 2010

As a part of the Physics 2010 decadal survey venture, the dept of power and the nationwide technology beginning asked that the nationwide examine Council verify the possibilities, over approximately the following decade, in atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) technological know-how and know-how. particularly, the nationwide examine Council was once requested to hide the country of AMO technological know-how, emphasizing contemporary accomplishments and choosing new and compelling clinical questions. Controlling the Quantum World, discusses either the jobs and demanding situations for AMO technology in instrumentation; medical examine close to absolute 0; improvement of tremendous severe x-ray and laser assets; exploration and keep watch over of molecular approaches; photonics on the nanoscale point; and improvement of quantum details know-how. This publication additionally deals an evaluation of and suggestions approximately serious matters pertaining to conserving U.S. management in AMO technology and technology.

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Extra resources for Controlling the Quantum World: The Science of Atoms, Molecules, and Photons (Physics 2010)

Example text

It is also possible to confine them in ways that mimic the periodic structure in solid crystals. These uses of ultracold atoms as quantum simulators are among the most exciting recent developments in AMO science. They have a considerable impact on precision measurements, as discussed in Chapter 2, and on quantum information science, as discussed in Chapter 7. Also, these applications occur at the intersection of AMO physics and condensed matter and indeed AMO physics and other fields of physics.

The nanoworld lies in between the familiar classical world of macroscopic objects and the quantum world of atoms and molecules. Nanostructures can have counterintuitive but useful optical properties that arise because they are smaller than the wavelength of light used to observe them. Scientists see unique opportunities to tailor material properties for efficient optical switches, light sources, and photoelectric power generators. Nanomaterials promise the development of singlephoton sources and detectors, photonic crystals, environmental sensors, biomedical optics, and novel cancer therapies involving localized optical absorption.

The recipe for operating an atomic clock in the Heisenberg limit is to create a collective quantum state of all of the atoms, sometimes called a “superatom,” that effectively speeds up the atomic clock by a factor of N. New Clock Technologies and GPS Precision oscillators and clocks have far-reaching, economically significant applica­tions, including network synchronization, high-performance analog-todigital conversion, and global positioning. It has been recognized for decades that specialized laser light sources have attributes that enable breakthrough performance for timing applications.

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