Concise Encyclopedia of Educational Linguistics by B. Spolsky

By B. Spolsky

The quantity contains 232 thematically organised articles in response to the hugely winning Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics and the International Encyclopedia of Education (2nd version) revised and, the place important, up-to-date and supplemented all through. facing all subject matters on the intersection among schooling and language, the paintings will end up a useful reference for all researchers within the box. by no means has there been extra severe debate over various attitudes and techniques to instructing and language. This quantity will offer a cutting-edge description of all of the subject matters of curiosity to language educators and all these desirous about making and imposing coverage in language schooling. basic themes comprise: the social context, society, nationwide, institution and curricular coverage, literacy and oracy, language acquisition, bi- and plurilingualism, checking out, TEFL, TESOL, SLA.

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If so, is one kind of motivation superior to another in promoting language learning? Is there such a thing as language aptitude? If so, what are its characteristics? Are personality traits significant in determining language learning success? Do the age or sex of a learner affect language learning? Does previous language learning experience have a beneficial effect? What are the effects of attitude towards other ethnic groups on learning? Are there differential preferences for different kinds of learning experience?

The learner and the learner's language have remained the focus of much applied linguistic research since. The second characteristic was the linguistically inspired view that the central issue in learning a foreign language was the learning of its syntactic structures and the assumption that this was a uniform task for all types of learners. The effect of contrastive difficulties apart, it was assumed that the content or target of language learning was the same for all learners. As new demands for foreign language learning arose, it became apparent that the type of language needed and the skills to be exercised were not necessarily universally the same.

Second language speakers may produce language which is formally correct but which is not appropriate within the culture and which may lead to a breakdown in communication. Both native and non-native speakers typically make accommodations in their speech according to the language and level of skill of their interlocutor. In the case of native speakers this is usually known as 'foreigner talk,' but more needs to be known about the nature of such talk, its effects, and to what extent speakers are able to adapt their speech when it is not their first language that they are speaking.

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