Computer Viruses and Other Malicious Software: A Threat to by OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Develop

By OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Develop

Malware assaults are expanding either in frequency and class, hence posing a significant chance to the web economic climate and to nationwide protection. This booklet is a primary step towards addressing the specter of malware in a accomplished, international demeanour. It informs readers approximately malware -- its progress, evolution and countermeasures to strive against it; provides new study into the industrial incentives riding cyber-security judgements; and makes particular feedback on how the overseas group can greater interact to handle the matter. desk of content material : govt precis history half I. THE SCOPE OF MALWARE bankruptcy 1. an outline of Malware bankruptcy 2. Malware assaults: Why, whilst and the way? bankruptcy three. Malware: Why may still We be anxious? half II.THE ECONOMICS OF MALWARE bankruptcy four. Cybersecurity and fiscal Incentives bankruptcy five. Survey of industry individuals: What Drives Their protection judgements? bankruptcy 6. The industry results of Cybersecurity: Defining Externalities and how one can deal with Them bankruptcy 7. The function of finish clients, company and executive bankruptcy eight. what's Already Being performed? bankruptcy nine. attainable subsequent Steps Annex A. history facts on Malware Annex B. study layout for financial of Malware Annex C. A Framework for learning the Economics of Malware Bibliography

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1 Denying access Denying access to digital data, network resources, bandwidth, or other network services (denial of service − DoS) is a common goal of attacks using malware. Popular targets include companies that conduct business online and risk losing significant revenue for every minute their website or network is unavailable, and governments who rely on websites to provide essential services to their citizens. These attacks are usually used for sabotage (for example, to hurt a competitor or an organisation against whom the attacker holds a grudge or grievance), extortion, or for politically and ideologically motivated purposes (Messmer and Pappalardo, 2005).

All IP addresses of an ISP). This is only used against semi-legitimate ISPs who do not act against spam, and against known spamhavens. Blacklisting and Domain Name Registrars Registrars offering hosting and e-mail services are subject to blacklisting along the same lines as the ISPs. Blacklist operators also watch registrars and their responsiveness to abuse complaints. In extreme cases, blacklists may include the registrar itself. at. at to remove several domain names it said were associated with phishing by the “rock phish” COMPUTER VIRUSES AND OTHER MALICIOUS SOFTWARE – ISBN 978-92-64-05650-3 – © OECD 2009 _it E d it e io s w n d ea e R O EC An Notes 1.

See Eeten, M. J. van and J. M. Bauer (2008), pp. 33-34. 25. This is an advance-fee fraud in which the target is persuaded to advance relatively small sums of money in the hope of realizing a much larger gain. Among the variations on this type of scam are the Nigerian Letter (or 419 fraud). The number “419” refers to the article of the Nigerian Criminal Code dealing with fraud. An COMPUTER VIRUSES AND OTHER MALICIOUS SOFTWARE – ISBN 978-92-64-05650-3 – © OECD 2009 se D Br o 1. AN OVERVIEW OF MALWARE – 39 e An Lect d O nl y D Br o u le ea se R O EC n w _it E d it e io s u r _it E d it e io s nl y u le O d ea EC w n D Br o 2.

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