By H. Wanner (Editor), M. Grosjean (Editor), R. Rothlisberger (Editor), E. Xoplaki (Editor)
This ebook offers an built-in evaluate of matters on the topic of weather variability and alter, predictability and dangers. It info either the technical points of variability and abrupt weather swap and the rural and within your means affects and results.
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Additional resources for Climate Variability, Predictability and Climate Risks: A European Perspective
A probabilistic forecast can be obtained in various ways. (i) Statistical forecasting systems can be set up not only for the mean tendency but also for a direct prediction of the PDF moments. However, this requires the derivation of equations governing the evolution of the mean and higher-order statistical moments, and moreover the interdependency of the moments poses difﬁculties regarding the cut-off (i. e. the closure problem), cf. Ehrendorfer 1997 and references therein. (ii) Sampling the PDF by multiple integrations of the prediction model.
Mon Wea Rev 109:782–812 Wanner H, Br¨onnimann S, Casty C, Gyalistras D, Luterbacher J, Schmutz C, Stephenson DB, Xoplaki E (2001) North Atlantic Oscillation—concepts and studies. 1029/2002JD002451 Wolff JO, Maier-Reimer E, Legutke S (1997) The Hamburg Ocean primitive equation model HOPE. Technical Report 13, Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum, Hamburg, Germany Xoplaki E, Gonzalez-Rouco JF, Luterbacher J, Wanner H (2004) Wet season Mediterranean precipitation variability: Inﬂuence of large-scale dynamics and trends.
Routledge, London Pope DV, Gallani M, Rowntree R, Stratton A (2000) The Impact of new physical parameterizations in the Hadley Centre climate model HadAM3. Clim Dyn 16:123–146 Raible CC, Luksch U, Fraedrich K (2004) Precipitation and Northern Hemisphere Regimes. 001 Raible CC, Luksch U, Fraedrich K, Voss R (2001) North Atlantic decadal regimes in a coupled GCM simulation. Clim Dyn 18:321–330 Raible CC, Stocker TF, Yoshimori M, Renold M, Beyerle U, Casty C, Luterbacher J (2005) Northern Hemispheric trends of pressure indices and atmospheric circulation patterns in observations, reconstructions, and coupled GCM simulations.