By Andrew Mitchell
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Additional info for AS law
However, primary framework legislation is often required to deal with extreme circumstances. The terrorist attack on the US World Trade Center in 2001 prompted the UK Government to create primary legislation to combat terrorism (Anti-Terrorism, Crime and Security Act (ATCSA) 2001). The only problem with this situation is that legislation can be rushed into force without its consequences being properly thought through, and this may mean that the law is less effective, in practice, than it should be.
The processes and institutions of the European Union may seem very unfamiliar to you at the start of your course, though EC law is a fascinating topic, bringing historical, cultural and political aspects to legal studies. Your teacher will advise you on the best approach, and perhaps you will choose to refer to the EC law chapter when you feel conﬁdent about the general workings of the English legal system. GENERAL POINTS ON LEARNING THE LAW One of the main features you will encounter in studying AS Level Law is the need to remember examples of statute law (Acts of Parliament) and common law (law developed by cases).
Landmark reforms extending rights and freedoms and setting the boundaries of constitutional powers • Magna Carta 1215: ﬁrst real attempt to set out constitutional powers and give rights and freedoms to citizens. • Act of Settlement 1701: provided for judicial independence from the other constitutional powers. • Extension of voting rights (19th/20th centuries): led to parliamentary democracy. • UK joins the European Community in 1973 and therefore becomes subject to European Community law. The Crown and the ‘royal prerogative’ In his landmark work on the Law of the Constitution (1885), AV Dicey deﬁned the royal prerogative in the following terms: The prerogative is the name for the remaining portion of the Crown’s original authority, and is therefore .