Army Field Manual FM 20-3 (Camouflage, Concealment, and by The United States Army

By The United States Army

"This box handbook (FM) is meant to aid company-level leaders comprehend the foundations and methods of camouflage, concealment, and decoys (CCD). to stay conceivable, all devices needs to practice CCD to team of workers and kit. Ignoring a threat's skill to notice pleasant operations at the battlefield is shortsighted and hazardous. pleasant devices improve their survivability services in the event that they are good versed in CCD ideas and techniques."-From the Preface.

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Extra resources for Army Field Manual FM 20-3 (Camouflage, Concealment, and Decoys)

Sample text

Select routes that take full advantage of the terrain's screening properties. Commanders must understand how to combine darkness and the terrain's concealing properties to conceal troop and supply movements. 4-10. When conducting a march, convoy commanders must strictly enforce blackout requirements and the order of march. Guidelines concerning lighting, march orders, and other requirements are usually published in SOPs or operation orders (OPORDs). Required lighting conditions vary depending on the type of movement (convoy versus single vehicle) and a unit's location (forward edge of the battle area [FEBA], division area, corps rear area).

Foliage with leaves that feel tough to the fingers and branches with large leaves are preferred because they stay fresher longer. • Branches that grow in direct sunlight are tougher and will stay fresher longer. • Branches that are free of disease and insects will not wilt as rapidly. CHLOROPHYLL RESPONSE 3-70. Standard-issue camouflage materials (LCSS) are designed to exhibit an artificial chlorophyll response at selected NIR wavelengths. Nonstandard materials (sheets, tarps) are not likely to exhibit a chlorophyll response and will not blend well with standard CCD material or natural vegetation.

A CCD plan increases target survivability within the limits of available resources. The design procedure must systematically determine which features of a given target are conspicuous, why those features are conspicuous, and how CCD principles and techniques can best eliminate or reduce target signatures. CCD should decrease the effectiveness of enemy attacks by interfering with its target-acquisition process, which in turn increases target survivability. PLANNING PROCESS 6-4. The steps outlined below provide guidance for designing CCD plans for HVTs.

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