Agriculture in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, by Maria Caridad Cruz, Roberto Sanchez Medina

By Maria Caridad Cruz, Roberto Sanchez Medina

This article follows Cuba's efforts to dig itself out of an fiscal rut via new and unique study referring to creation, aid structures, caliber upkeep, and exchange platforms of Havana and its city agricultural area. designated cognizance is given to a number of similar components, together with criminal frameworks, problems with irrigation, girls and their participation within the agricultural area. This publication has been ready for researchers, experts, manufacturers, scholars, selection makers and people with a basic curiosity within the administration and keep watch over of the city surroundings.

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Additional resources for Agriculture in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, Cuba

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2 * Until November. Source: Data provided by Empresa Horticola Metropolitana in Havana. The number of urban community gardens is now decreasing (42 per cent) as is the area used for this purpose (37 per cent). This is mainly because the initial figures have been revised down and also, but to a lesser extent, because the city has used some of the land for building other facilities. Another reason for the decrease in the number of urban community gardens is that some were located within facilities in the city (production, service and other facilities, with the exception of those owned by the state) that have disappeared for reasons similar to those that caused the disappearance of the state-owned gardens for producers' consumption.

Urban Community Gardens As a result of experiences gathered in other parts of Cuba, a new mode of urban agriculture was added in 1993 - the Urban Community Garden. The local government's aim was to allocate vacant lots between 2,000 m2 and 5,000 m2 in size that were not suitable for direct agricultural use to groups that would farm them collectively. Specialized institutions would provide technical assistance resources to help in preparing the land for cultivation, using rustic, recyclable materials as containers for the organic matter and agricultural soil brought from other places.

We established a value range from 1 to 6 (from lower to higher levels of efficiency) for each indicator. After that, we added the values reached for each indicator in each production mode and, as a result, we obtained a value that qualitatively reflects the efficiency level. The highest value corresponds to the highest level of efficiency. 38 Evolution of Urban Agriculture in Havana The basis for this analysis is to regard the three initial indicators as equal and to estimate them at the starting point only by the number of producers, their production and the total area.

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