Agricultural and Synthetic Polymers.. Biodegradability and by Glass J.E., Swift G.

By Glass J.E., Swift G.

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The natural high resistance to nonspecific protein adsorption is comparable to that of PEG-based materials [89]. Messersmith and colleagues reported a new class of synthetic antifouling macromolecules that mimics polypeptides attached to biomaterial surfaces for long-term resistance to fouling in the biological environment [39]. Peptidomimetic polymers consist of a short functional peptide domain containing alternate DOPA and lysine residues to adhere to surfaces, and have a N-substituted glycine (peptoid) oligomer of variable length which has a protein-like backbone with side chain derivatization on the amide nitrogen; the methoxyethyl side chains provide fouling resistance to surfaces and resembles the repeat unit of PEG, resulting in excellent protein resistance.

Nosonovsky M, Bhushan B (2007) Hierarchical roughness makes superhydrophobic surfaces stable. Microelectron Eng 84(3):382–386 1 Antifouling Self-Cleaning Surfaces 27 34. Lai YK, Gao XF, Zhuang HF, Lin CJ, Jiang L (2009) Designing superhydrophobic porous nanostructures with tunable water adhesion. Adv Mater 21(37):3799–3803 35. Jin MH, Feng XJ, Feng L, Sun TL, Zhai J, Li TJ, Jiang L (2005) Super-hydrophobic aligned polystyrene nanotubes film with high adhesive force. Adv Mater 17(16):1977–1981 36.

18 [82]. Besides, Brennan reported a method to fabricate the sharkskin-like surface structures on injection molding by picosecond laser ablation method [85]. In the self-cleaning area, Schumacher et al. analyzed the antibiofouling property of fish scale replica in detail, and they found that the topographies can significantly reduce spore settlement compared to a smooth surface. 16c. Baum et al. suggested that the self-cleaning mechanism for oil pollution and the biofouling is that the whale skin surface and the intercellular gel contain both polar and nonpolar functional groups, which effectively reduce the fouling in the short term and long term [86].

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