By Angelo Basile, Alfredo Cassano, Navin K Rastogi
Membrane fabrics permit for the selective separation of fuel and vapour and for ion delivery. fabrics study and improvement keeps to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as serious elements in either sustainable power and fresh purposes. Membrane utilisation deals approach simplification and intensification in undefined, supplying inexpensive, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions discount rates and effort defense. complicated membrane technological know-how and expertise for sustainable strength and environmental functions offers a entire evaluation of membrane utilisation and integration inside power and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technological know-how and engineering, from the basics of membrane strategies and separation to membrane characterization and financial research. half makes a speciality of membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) catch in coal and fuel energy vegetation, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen shipping applied sciences. half 3 reports membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters overlaying hydrocarbon gas, common fuel and synthesis gasoline processing, in addition to complicated biofuels construction. half 4 covers membranes for replacement strength purposes and effort garage, resembling membrane know-how for redox and lithium batteries, gas cells and hydrogen creation. eventually, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in business and environmental functions, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear energy applications.
With its extraordinary editors and workforce of specialist members, complex membrane technology and expertise for sustainable power and environmental purposes is an important reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and teachers drawn to this field.
- Presents a complete overview of membrane technological know-how and know-how, targeting advancements and functions in sustainable power and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane methods and separation and membrane characterization and fiscal analysis
- Addresses the foremost problems with membrane utilisation in coal and fuel energy vegetation and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for substitute strength purposes and membrane utilisation in commercial and environmental applications
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Additional info for Advances in membrane technologies for water treatment : materials, processes and applications
According to this study, the organic phase reactants had a considerable impact on membrane performance compared with the aqueous phase reactant. 7 l/m2 h) when tested using a 2000 ppm NaCl solution at 2 MPa. The rougher and larger surface area of the op-BTEC membrane, which led to greater contact with water molecules, was reported as the reason for the ﬂux enhancement of this membrane (Li , Zhang, Zhang, & Zheng, 2008). In another study, Chen, Li, Zhang, and Zhang (2008) synthesized a new class of polymeric amine, named SPES-NH2, which was applied for the preparation of TFC reverse osmosis membranes.
They declared that the addition of OMMT can be effective in considerably improving membrane hydrophilicity and thermal and mechanical resistance as well as pesticide retention capability at different solution conditions (acidic and neutral). In similar work, Mierzwa, Arieta, Verlage, Carvalho, and Vecitis (2013) investigated the effect of incorporating unmodiﬁed clay nanoparticles (single platelet MMT) with and without sodium hexametaphosphate as a clay nanoparticle dispersant into the casting solution on the morphology and performance of PES ultraﬁltration membranes.
3 Schematic of the reaction between g-Al2O3 and poly(vinylideneﬂuoride) polymer. Reprinted from Liu, Moghareh Abed, and Li (2011), with permission from Elsevier. 22 Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment In studies conducted by Maximous, Nakhla, Wan, and Wong (2009) and Maximous, Nakhla, Wan, et al. (2010), PES membranes were modiﬁed by inserting different concentrations of nanosized alumina (48 nm) particles inside the polymer matrix. The increase in porosity and decrease in the hydrophobic interaction between membrane surface and foulants changed the performance of the PES membrane after adding Al2O3 nanoparticles into the casting solution.